The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. Fennel is an aromatic plant with smooth feathery spiky leaves and grows to a height of 2.5 meters. [7], As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. [26] It is an essential ingredient of the Assamese/Bengali/Oriya spice mixture panch phoron[27] and in Chinese five-spice powders. [11], Fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of anise, which are similar in taste and appearance, though smaller. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Apiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Umbelliferae (South Australia) [12] The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. The subspecies piperitum (Pepper or Bulgarian fennel or donkey) grows wild on dry, rocky soils, the subspecies vulgare (Garden fennel) is mostly in a two-year-old farmed form that is cultivated throughout Europe and other temperat… But anise and fennel are two different plants and the botanical name of anise is Pimpinellaanisum whereas the botanical name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Florence fennel is a key ingredient in some Italian and German salads, often tossed with chicory and avocado, or it can be braised and served as a warm side dish. It has delicate and … The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare and the plant is grouped under carrot family… Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flat-topped flower clusters known as umbels. It is a highly aromatic perennial herb, erect, glaucous … The following is a list of some of the major The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. In Spain, the stems of the fennel plant are used in the preparation of pickled eggplants, berenjenas de Almagro. Umbelliferae. Fennel bulbs with their slightly aniseed flavor are considered excellent vegetables. History and Traditional Uses Long loved for their culinary uses, fennel seeds are used to flavor pickles, liqueurs, breads, and candies. Dill, coriander, and caraway are similar-looking herbs, but shorter-growing than fennel, reaching only 40–60 cm (16–24 in). Calflora taxon report, University of California, http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-fennel-seeds-410i, "Production in 2014, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Foeniculum vulgareMill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fennel&oldid=982588586, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. According to Greek mythology, Prometheus used a giant stalk of fennel to carry fire from Mount Olympus to Earth. [12], Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group; syn. Resources. [33], flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. 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